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BIBLE STUDY: Who Was The Prophet Isaiah

Isaiah Preached of about the TWO Comings of Jesus Christ! The First as The Lamb to the slaughter (John 1:29); The Second, as The Mighty Lion of Judah (Revelation 5:14). Join us in this fascinating Bible Study to SEE what both the Jews in Isaiah’s time; and MOST Christians in our time, simply cannot UNDERSTAND (Matthew 13:15-17) about the message Jesus Christ gave to the Prophet Isaiah! If you have an open Bible, YOU will really enjoy SEEING and UNDERSTANDING The Prophet Isaiah and his Message, in a WHOLE NEW WAY!!! www.onug.us

“And He shall Judge among the nations, and shall Rebuke many people: and they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruninghooks: nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war any more!!! O house of Jacob, come ye, and let us Walk in the Light of the LORD!!!” (Isaiah 2:4-5).

Bible Study Instructions: One Nation Under God Ministries (www.onug.us) publishes and distributes weekly Bible Studies, worldwide – free of charge, to anyone who requests them, in both printed and electronic formats. Our Studies are intended to be a simple and fun way to learn the Scriptures, and are very easy to follow! We adhere to Jesus Christ’s Biblical instructions to teach and feed the flock of God portions of meat in due season, on weekly Sabbaths, and on the seven annual Holy Days throughout each calendar year (Luke 12:42 / Isaiah 28:9-10 / Matthew 13:52). Using both the Old and New Testaments, our Bible Studies are designed to present a premise, make a statement, or ask a question – followed by one or more Scriptural references. Just look up and read from your Bible the Scriptures listed. Comments following questions elaborate on the Scriptures you just read. Pray always before beginning any study of God’s Word, asking God to open both your eyes and your mind to His Truth; then Prove everything you read, is in fact the Truth, by comparing it to The Word of God (1 Thessalonians 5:21 / 2 Timothy 3:15-17). Then use the Biblical System of Checks and Balances, and SEE if both Jesus Christ, and the First Century Church of God Apostles – also Did, Said, and Taught these SAME THINGS (Galatians 1:1-12, 5:25 / 1 Peter 2:21, 25 / 1 John 2:3-6)! That’s all there is to it! Our Bible Studies are based on the King James Version, unless otherwise stated. We will be praying for your eyes to “see” (Matthew 13:11-17); and we are always available to answer any of your questions! Be Blessed, in Jesus’ Name! - One Nation Under God Ministries (www.onug.us).

Did YOU Know Isaiah Came to Preach The Gospel?

What the word "Gospel" Means: The English term "Gospel" is translated from the Greek “euaggelion” which means "Good News." It can also be rendered "Glad Tidings"! Thus, we see that the Gospel Message is positive in nature. It is a message of Hope and of Optimism, GRACE and MERCY, Forgiveness and New Beginnings! The Gospel is NOT primarily that of gloom and doom; yet it does definitely contain an element of Warning, and of Divine Consequence for unscriptural actions, as we shall soon see today!!! www.onug.us

Of course, most Christians today, think of The Gospel exclusively as a New Testament expression. They think we have the four "Gospels": Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. We know that Christ and the apostles preached The Gospel too. But in a very real sense, Jesus' Gospel was a sensational, never-before proclaimed, news announcement!!! Jesus was the newscaster who absolutely assured us, and ALL of mankind who were listening, that the Kingdom of God would COME to this very earth (Matthew 6:10, 5:5)!!! Jesus Christ qualified for the Kingship of that Kingdom, by conquering Satan the devil, in a spiritual battle of the highest stakes (Matthew 4:1-11 / Luke 4:1-13)!!!

After conquering Satan, Jesus did say: 'The time is fulfilled, and the Kingdom of God is at hand!!!" (Mark 1:15). But few have realized that this very same Gospel was preannounced in writing by a gifted group of God-Called men, designated as Prophets; and one of them was named Isaiah. Jesus quoted from Isaiah’s writings more than He did any other Old Testament Prophet!!!

It may even surprise you to learn that the term "Gospel" (or “Euaggelion” in Greek) also appears in the Old Testament!!! www.onug.us

Let’s Take A Few Minutes Now, To Talk About Which Bible, Or Version Of Holy Scriptures, The Apostles Actually Used (2 Timothy 3:14-17).

The New Testament Apostles and writers used the Old Testament, as 2 Timothy 3:14-17 tells us in The New Testament!!! They had to, as The New Testament was still being written and constructed by God!!! As we review God’s New Testament, we can clearly SEE that the Apostles of the First Century Church of God, referred to The Old Testament some 850 times, 280 of which are direct quotations!!! But, you may then ask, which translation of the Old Testament did they most commonly use? That is a great question, and one which we will now answer! www.onug.us

 

Following the death of Alexander the Great in 323 B.C., his empire was divided between four of his generals. One of these generals, Ptolemy, commenced a dynasty of rulers in Egypt which continued for some time. Ptolemy I established a library in the city of Alexandria called The Great Museum (it was also known as The Library of Alexandria). It was the first known, post Flood, extensive library of antiquity. It became the leading repository for literary wealth of the ancient world and the prototype of our modern universities and libraries. One Nation Under God Ministries, in the spirit of the Great Museum, preserves and displays, the Meat in Due Season of The Word of God, on its website, 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, to people all around the earth, on the internet or worldwide web (Matthew 28:18-20) at www.onug.us!!! And one thing that the Library of Alexandria never did, that we do do; is send out electronic or printed copies of everything on our website, FREE of charge, to anyone that asks (Matthew 10:7-15)!!!

 

The Gospel History 101:

Ptolemy also captured the city of Jerusalem (on a Sabbath day when the Jewish people were resting). Though he deported a substantial number of the Jews to Egypt, he treated his captives well. They soon rose to positions of prominence in government and business; the Jewish contingent became firmly woven into the fabric of that Greek-speaking society – in Egypt.

 

According to tradition, it was under the rule of Ptolemy II (Philadelphus), about 280 B.C., that the first translation of the Hebrew Scriptures into Greek became necessary. The Pentateuch was the first part of the Old Testament rendered into Greek. The rest of the Old Testament books were translated afterward over a period of time. Scholarship is generally agreed that this translation, called the Septuagint, was done by Greek-speaking Jews in Egypt. This may give you some insight on why The Angel of The Lord told Joseph to flee to an area like Egypt by night, with Mary and the two year old Jesus (Matthew 2:13). God Plans and sets things up, Perfectly, Hundreds and sometimes Thousands of years in advance!!! www.onug.us

 

For much more information on early translations of the Bible, please go to www.onug.us and read our Bible Study:

The Authority Of The Bible     

“By the First Century A.D., the Septuagint had become the Bible of the Jews of the Dispersion (when Rome totally destroyed the Temple and ALL of Jerusalem in 70 A.D.), and was widely circulated through the Roman world. It became also the Bible of the early Christians who preached from it, and quoted it in their writings (2 Timothy 3:14-17). A large proportion of the allusions to the Old Testament contained in the Gospels, and in the Epistles are taken from the Septuagint" (New Testament Times, Merrill C. Tenney, page 30). Remember God DOES NOT CHANGE; so neither should His Laws, His Holy Days, or His Plans ever change either (Malachi 3:6 / Hebrews 13:8)!!!              www.onug.us

We understand that many of the New Testament writers' quotations of the Old Testament were from the Septuagint (LXX) translation rather than from the Hebrew. Over half of the direct quotations agree exactly or substantially with the major manuscripts of the LXX.

 

But Why This Fact Is Significant?

 

You might wonder what the point of us giving you this background here? What does it have to do with the Gospel? Simply put, if you were to study certain verses in the book of Isaiah, in the Septuagint version; you would find THE SAME terminology used, in relation to The Gospel, as that of the New Testament!!! www.onug.us

 

The Hebrew expression for "Good News" or "Glad Tidings" is Basar. But when translated into Greek, it is Euaggelion; or "Gospel", in English! Now notice an example of this, from the Old Testament:

 

"O Zion, that bringest Good Tidings [Basar (Hebrew) or Euaggelion (Greek)], get thee up into the high mountain; O Jerusalem, that bringest Good Tidings [Basar (Hebrew) or Euaggelion (Greek)], lift up thy voice with strength; lift it up, be not afraid; say unto the cities of Judah, Behold your God!" (Isaiah 40:9). www.onug.us

 

Here is a prophecy about the message of The Gospel. Here we are introduced to the basic components of the New Testament message by the Old Testament. Also read the next verse to complete the thought:

"Behold, The Lord God will Come with Strong Hand, and His Arm shall Rule for Him: Behold, His Reward is with Him, and His Work before Him!!!" (Isaiah 40:10).

The Gospel Message has to do with the fact that the dynamic, Living Christ, is to Return to Rule this earth with Strength and Power!!! In our present strife-torn world, what could be better news than that? Notice also that it has to do with revealing the TRUE God: "... Behold your God!" That message also tells of the Reward Christ will bring with Him for those who have faithfully done His work which is "before Him." (Revelation 22:12-14)!!!

Now notice another scripture in Isaiah which further reveals the makeup of the New Testament Gospel message:

"How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth Good Tidings [Basar (Hebrew) or Euaggelion (Greek)], that Publisheth Peace; that bringeth Good Tidings [Basar (Hebrew) or Euaggelion (Greek)] of Good, that Publisheth Salvation; that saith unto Zion, Thy God Reigneth!" (Isaiah 52:7). www.onug.us

The Apostle Paul quoted this very scripture in application to The New Testament Preachers of The Gospel. Notice the way "Good Tidings" is translated: "... As it is written, How beautiful are the feet of them that Preach The Gospel of Peace, and bring Glad Tidings of Good Things!" (Romans 10:15).

Therefore, we can know these verses in Isaiah REALLY DO apply to the New Testament Gospel Message, or Good Tidings [Basar (Hebrew) or Euaggelion (Greek)]!!! Our picture of The Gospel message should be further expanding in our minds! We now see that That Message has to do with The Way to Peace and World Harmony. And it has to do with Salvation and The Rulership of God, NOW in His Church; and SOON, directly over the whole earth in the world tomorrow, by Christ and His Saints!!! www.onug.us

Let’s look at one more passage in the book of Isaiah:

"The Spirit of The Lord God is upon me; because The Lord hath Anointed me to Preach Good Tidings [Basar (Hebrew) or Euaggelion (Greek)]!!! unto the meek; He hath sent me to Bind up the Brokenhearted, to Proclaim Liberty to the Captives, and the Opening of the Prison to them that are Bound; to Proclaim the Acceptable Year of The Lord, and The Day of Vengeance of our God; to Comfort all that Mourn; to Appoint unto them that Mourn in Zion, to give unto them Beauty for Ashes, the Oil of Joy for Mourning, the Garment of Praise for the spirit of Heaviness; that they might be Called Trees of Righteousness, The Planting of The Lord, that He might Be Glorified!!!" (Isaiah 61:1-3). www.onug.us

Here is the capstone of Isaiah's description of the New Testament Gospel!!! Jesus Himself quoted this passage, partially, in showing that He was Fulfilling those Very Words as He preached The Gospel some 2010 years ago:

"And He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up: and, as His custom was, He went into the synagogue on The Sabbath Day, and stood up for to read. And there was delivered unto Him the book of the prophet Esaias [Isaiah]. And when He had opened the book, He found the place where it was Written, ‘The Spirit of The Lord is upon Me, because He hath Anointed Me to Preach The Gospel to the poor; He hath sent Me to Heal the Brokenhearted, to Preach Deliverance to the Captives, and Recovering of Sight to the Blind, to set at Liberty them that are Bruised, to Preach The Acceptable Year of The Lord" (Luke 4:16-19).

Then Jesus closed the book without completing the quotation! Why?

Because His Commission was divided into Two Distinct Parts. His First Coming was to fulfill that part of the passage which He, quoted from Isaiah (The Lamb of God). The Second Part of that Commission, to bring about the Day of God's Vengeance (The Lion of Judah), is yet to be fulfilled! That will be the time when God's Ruling Kingdom will be set up on this earth, and The Law will go forth from Zion, from Jerusalem – TO THE WHOLE ENTIRE EARTH!!! www.onug.us

In the meantime, it is the function of the Church of God to announce that Great Event in advance! The arrival of Jesus Christ with all of The Saints (Zechariah 14:4-5), and an army of righteous angels (Acts 1:9-11 / Revelation 19:14), to set up The Kingdom of God on this very earth; is at the heart and core of the New Testament, and Isaiah’s Gospel Message!!!         

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The Prophet Isaiah, also known by the Greek version of his name, as the prophet Esaias in the New Testament (Matthew 13:10-17); was one of the greatest prophets of the Bible! He was ordained by God to appear at a very critical time in Israel’s history. We will begin our research of Isaiah’s life, in the year 742 B.C., because that is the year that King Uzziah of Judah died; and it was also the same year that Isaiah received his Call to be the Lord’s Prophet - in the Temple at Jerusalem (Isaiah 6:1-13)! Isaiah was Called, probably in his early twenties. He would serve under 4 kings of Judah, and be killed by the fifth king. His Ministry would last at least 40 years, and may have possibly lasted 50 years before he was martyred! www.onug.us

Did you see how Jesus validated Isaiah’s prophecy in Matthew 13:10-17? Did you also notice that the LORD that Isaiah saw, was a Glorified Jesus Christ on His Own Throne, in His yet future Millennial Rule of the earth (Isaiah 6:1-3 / Matthew 19:27-28)? Christ currently sits at the right hand of the Father’s Throne in heaven; Jesus has not yet been given His own Throne (Matthew 25:31-32)! Lack of vision on the part of a human king, and that king’s failure to understanding this point, was the real reason that Isaiah was killed!

Isaiah is being called by God to preach both the First and the Second Comings of Christ, several hundred years before the First; and several thousand years before the Second (Romans 4:16-25)!!! It is this Magnificent, but yet future Vision, of a Glorified Christ, which indelibly impressed itself on Isaiah’s mind and spirit; much like Christ would later do to the Apostle John, that forever context reframed human pettiness and sinfulness to these Servants of Almighty God (Revelation 1:10-19)!!!            

                         Here I Am! Send Me!!!

It was the purifying coal of the Seraphim that cleansed Isaiah’s lips, and prepared him to accept The Call to service (John 15:13-16 / Matthew 10:1, 5-15). Isaiah’s ministry began at the death of King Uzziah (742 B.C.), and would see The Northern Kingdom collapse under the hammer-like blows of the Assyrian Army (in 722-721 B.C.); and in 701 B.C., Jerusalem itself would see the mighty army of Sennacherib drawn up before its walls to lay siege!

Isaiah’s service probably lasted even beyond these dates, until shortly after the death of King Hezekiah in 687 B.C.

There are several recorded legends of Hezekiah’s son, Manasseh; executing Isaiah by having him sawed in two!

Hezekiah Becomes King of Judah:

Shalmaneser V determined to subdue the kingdom of Israel; and in 722 B.C., Samaria (what we would call the Holy Lands today) was taken and destroyed! So long as Ahaz reigned, the kingdom of Judah was unmolested by the Assyrian power; but on his accession to the throne, Hezekiah, who was encouraged to rebel "against the king of Assyria" (2 Kings 18:7), entered into an alliance with the king of Egypt (Isaiah 30:2–4). This led the king of Assyria to threaten the king of Judah, and at length to invade the land. Sennacherib (701 B.C.) led a powerful army into Judah. Hezekiah was reduced to despair, and submitted to the Assyrians (2 Kings 18:14–16). But after a brief interval war broke out again. Again Sennacherib led an army into Judah, one detachment of which threatened Jerusalem (Isaiah 36:2–22; 37:8). Isaiah on that occasion encouraged Hezekiah to resist the Assyrians (37:1–7), whereupon Sennacherib sent a threatening letter to Hezekiah, which he "spread before the LORD" (37:14).

Then Isaiah the son of Amoz sent unto Hezekiah, saying: "Thus saith the LORD, the God of Israel: Whereas thou hast prayed to Me against Sennacherib king of Assyria, this is the word which the LORD hath spoken concerning him: The virgin daughter of Zion hath despised thee and laughed thee to scorn; the daughter of Jerusalem hath shaken her head at thee. Whom hast thou taunted and blasphemed? And against whom hast thou exalted thy voice? Yea, thou hast lifted up thine eyes on high, even against the Holy One of Israel!" (Isaiah 37:21–23).

According to the account in 2 Kings 19:1-37 (and its derivative account in 2 Chronicles 32:1-33) the judgment of God now fell on the Assyrian army and wiped out 185,000 of its men. Like Xerxes in Greece, Sennacherib never recovered from the shock of the disaster in Judah. He made no more expeditions against either the Southern Levant (the eastern part of the Mediterranean with its islands and neighboring countries) or Egypt.

The remaining years of Hezekiah's reign were peaceful (2 Chr 32:23–29). Isaiah probably lived to its close, and possibly into the reign of Manasseh, but the time and manner of his death are not specified in either the Bible or other primary sources. The Talmud [Yevamot 49b] says that he suffered martyrdom by being sawn in two under the orders of Manasseh. www.onug.us

The Legend of Isaiah’s Death:     

Hebrews 11:37-40 alludes to Isaiah’s death by being sawed in two. www.onug.us

It is related in the Talmud that Rabbi Simeon ben 'Azzai found in Jerusalem an account wherein it was written that Manasseh killed Isaiah. Manasseh said to Isaiah, "Moses, thy master, said, 'There shall no man see God and live' [Ex. xxxiii. 20, Hebr.]; but thou hast said, 'I saw the Lord seated upon his throne'" (Isa. vi. 1, Hebr.); and went on to point out other contradictions—as between Deut. iv. 7 and Isa. lv. 6; between Ex. xxxiii. 26 and II Kings xx. 6. Isaiah thought: "I know that he will not accept my explanations; why should I increase his guilt?" He then uttered the Unpronounceable Name, a cedar-tree opened, and Isaiah disappeared within it. Then Manasseh ordered the cedar to be sawn asunder, and when the saw reached his mouth Isaiah died; thus was he punished for having said, "I dwell in the midst of a people of unclean lips" (Yeb. 49b). A somewhat different version of this legend is given in the Yerushalmi (Sanhedrin x.). According to that version Isaiah, fearing Manasseh, hid himself in a cedar-tree, but his presence was betrayed by the fringes of his garment, and Manasseh caused the tree to be sawn in half. A passage of the Targum to Isaiah quoted by Jolowicz ("Die Himmelfahrt und Vision des Prophets Jesajas," p. 8) states that when Isaiah fled from his pursuers and took refuge in the tree, and the tree was sawn in half, the prophet's blood spurted forth.

From Talmudical circles the legend of Isaiah's martyrdom was transmitted to the Arabs, and is still spoken of by them to this day! ("Ta'rikh," ed. De Goeje, i. 644). www.onug.us

Isaiah As A Historian:

Isaiah’s historical oracles outline several key events of the late eighth century that secular history also records. They are the Syro-Ephraimite War (735 – 732 B.C.), the accession of Hezekiah to the throne (715 B.C.), the revolt of Ashdod (714 – 711 B.C.), the death of Sargon (705 B.C.), and the revolt against Sennacherib (705–701 B.C.). In 738 B.C., with the Assyrian defeat of Calno / Calneh (Isaiah 10:9 / Amos 6:2), the anti-Assyrian league, of which Judah may have been the ringleader, collapsed, and both Israel and the Arameans of Damascus paid tribute to Assyria. By 735 B.C., however, Rezin of Damascus had created a new anti-Assyrian league, and when Ahaz refused to join, the league attempted to remove Ahaz from the throne of Judah. The resulting Syro-Ephraimite War was the original occasion for many of Isaiah’s oracles (Isaiah 7:1-25, 8:1-22) in which he tried to reassure Ahaz of God’s protection and dissuade him from seeking protection by an alliance with Assyria. The Bible records that unfortunately, Ahaz did refuse Isaiah’s message!

Isaiah the Prophet:

As we saw earlier with our comparison of Isaiah 6:9-11 to Matthew 13:10-17; Isaiah’s message was not only historical, but prophetic as well. Isaiah foretells of a time when Jesus Christ will be King over the whole earth; and a time of worldwide peace when people will beat their swords into plowshares (Isaiah 2:3-5 / Psalm 46:9-10 / Isaiah 9:5-7, 11:6, 32:17-18, 33:22)!!!

Isaiah name in the original Hebrew means, “YHWH (the LORD) is Salvation!!!” Although he lived in Jerusalem, the prophecies God gave Isaiah were directed not only toward to the House of Israel, and the nation of Judah; but to ALL other nations as well! There is a Jewish tradition that says Isaiah was of royal descent, and that he may have been a cousin to King Uzziah. This could initially explain how he had access to the kings of Judah in Jerusalem; but as we have seen in the stories of Joseph and Moses, when God wants His prophets to speak to kings, God will always make that happen (Matthew 10:18-20 / Exodus 8:1, 9:1-7)!!! www.onug.us

The Biblical account of Isaiah’s ministry begins in the first chapter and verse of the book named after him in the Bible. We are told he received visions from God during the time period between the reign of four kings (Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah). But we quickly see, in reading the first chapter of Isaiah, that the Biblical principle of duality is in full force with Isaiah’s prophecies; foretelling of the falling away of God’s people, and the destruction of Jerusalem; in both in Isaiah’s time, and in the years well into his – and our future (Isaiah 1:1-31)!

Isaiah was married to a prophetess (Isaiah 8:3). They had two sons whose names had prophetic meanings. They were Shear-Jashub (Isaiah 7:3, meaning “a remnant shall return”) and Maher-Shalal-Hash-Baz (Isaiah 8:1-4, meaning “speed the spoil, hasten the booty”). Isaiah and his family would be for “signs and wonders in Israel” (Isaiah 8:18). His prophecies are still “signs and wonders” for us today.

Many of the prophecies in Isaiah begin with the historical conditions and prophecies for his day, and then move forward to a far greater fulfillment prior to the return of Jesus Christ. This is the dualism seen in many of the prophecies of the Bible. The first (historical) fulfillment is lesser in scope and is followed by the greater future fulfillment at the end of this present age. The dualism in Isaiah usually pertains to the prophecies about Jesus Christ, Israel, Judah or other nations.

The four major themes of Prophecy found in the book of Isaiah:

  1.  Jesus Christ

Almost one-third of the chapters of the book of Isaiah contain prophecies about Jesus Christ, addressing both His First and Second Comings. Isaiah provides more prophecy of the second coming of Christ than any other Old Testament prophet. The following are some prophecies about Christ in both His first and second comings:

  •  “He shall judge between the nations” (Isaiah 2:4).
  • He was to be the “Branch of the Lord” (Isaiah 4:2; Isaiah 11:1).
  • He would be born of a virgin and be called “Immanuel” (Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 8:8, 10).
  • He would be a “stone of stumbling and a rock of offense” (Isaiah 8:14).
  • An eternal “government will be upon His shoulder” and He would be called the “Prince of Peace” (Isaiah 9:6-7).
  • The Holy Spirit would “rest upon Him” (Isaiah 11:2).
  • He would be “a tried stone, a precious cornerstone, a sure foundation” (Isaiah 28:16).

Jesus Christ, the One who Called Isaiah, is directly spoken of in more than half of the chapters between Isaiah 40 and Isaiah 61!!!

But the MOST Important chapter pertaining to mankind’s salvation is Isaiah 53 (Isaiah 53:1-12). This prophecy explains how much He would suffer during His sacrifice for man’s sins.

Within this section, a description of His first coming begins in Isaiah 52:14, which says, “His visage [appearance] was marred more than any man.” Isaiah 53:2-5 explains that His earthly physical appearance would not stand out, He was “despised and rejected,” and “by His stripes [wounds] we are healed” of our sicknesses. This pivotal chapter tells us that He would come to give His life as a sacrifice for our sins. The Passover lamb symbolized this merciful act (Isaiah 53:7 / Exodus 12:5 / 1 Corinthians 5:7). Statements of His death are then repeated: “For He was cut off from the land of the living” (Isaiah 53:8). “And they made His grave with the wicked” (Isaiah 53:9). He was an “offering for sin” (Isaiah 53:10) and He “poured out His soul unto death” (Isaiah 53:12). www.onug.us

Through the book of Isaiah, God revealed that Jesus would come to earth first as a human to deal with sin and then again in His glorified state after being resurrected from the grave to establish the Kingdom of God (see also Hebrews 9:28). Not understanding the dualism of Christ’s coming, many Jews rejected Him during His First Coming as a human being; because He did not fulfill the prophecies of ruling over the earth and establishing an eternal government that will occur during His second coming (Isaiah 9:6-7, 40:10). God also revealed through Isaiah how Christ would be able to come back to life after being crucified. Isaiah wrote, “Your dead shall live; together with my dead body they shall arise” (Isaiah 26:19 / Hebrews 11:13, 39-40). Also, prior to Isaiah’s time, King David had prophesied of Christ’s death and resurrection (Psalm 16:10).

The four major themes of Prophecy found in the book of Isaiah:

  1.  Isaiah’s Warnings and Assurances to Israel and Judah

In terms of content, the largest single subject in the book of Isaiah is warnings to Israel and Judah both for Isaiah’s time and for us today! The first 11 chapters of the book of Isaiah describe many social, moral, and religious sins; that are similar to the sins that the modern descendants of Israel and Judah are presently committing today!!! Most people are ignorant of where, and who the descendants of the original twelve Tribes of Israel are today (Matthew 10:5-7 / Amos 9:9 / Jeremiah 46:28)”. Knowing this essential Biblical Truth will allow you to understand who Isaiah’s warnings are really meant for today; and where God’s destruction will come to in the Last Times!

The dualism of the historical setting as a prophecy for the end of the age is apparent in chapter 11, which says, “The LORD shall set His hand again the second time” to bring them back from captivity (Isaiah 11:11). The timing of this restoration is during, and after, Christ’s second coming (Isaiah 11:4-10)!!!

The warnings to Israel and Judah of their national sins continue throughout chapters 41 to 49. The difference is that in these chapters God gives them encouragement that He will eventually redeem them. Here are some examples: www.onug.us

  • “You are My servant, I have chosen you” (Isaiah 41:8-9, 49:3).
  • “I will not remember your sins” (Isaiah 43:25).
  • “Even I will carry, and will deliver you” (Isaiah 46:4).
  • The Lord is “the Redeemer of Israel” (Isaiah 49:7, 44:22).

In chapters 56 to 59 God continues to give correction and warning to Israel and Judah for their sins. In these chapters Israel and Judah are chastised for their hypocrisy in how they worship God. There are two chapters in particular that touch on this religious hypocrisy. They are Isaiah 56:1-12, which focuses on keeping the Sabbath, and Isaiah 58:1-14, which deals with fasting for the wrong reasons and, again, keeping God’s Holy Sabbath Day!!! God spoke through Isaiah, that anyone (whosoever) would keep God’s Eternal Sabbaths; they too could participate in the inheritance and the Divine Heritage that Jesus Christ was coming to bring (Revelation 22:7, 12-21)!!! The prophecies to Israel and Judah in the book of Isaiah end on a future encouraging note with God’s eventual deliverance and mercy in the coming Kingdom of God (Isaiah 61:3-9, 63:7-9, 14).

The four major themes of Prophecy found in the book of Isaiah:

  1.  The Day of the Lord

Prophecies about the coming Day of the Lord can be found in the writings of many of the Old Testament prophets, and Isaiah is no exception. This subject is covered from chapters 2 through 66. Unlike the dualism of the prophecies to Israel and Judah, most prophecies about the Day of the Lord are for an event yet to come. These foretell a time of awesome and frightening events leading to the return of Christ. Many people think of it as “the end of the world”, when in reality it is really just the end of this present evil age (Revelation 11:15)!!! www.onug.us

Isaiah explains that the Day of the Lord, culminates in a 24 hour period (The Feast of Trumpets), but is preceded by a one year period of time; or the last year of the Three and a half year Great Tribulation! The Sixth Seal begins this period of time, and is almost immediately followed by the first six of seven Trumpets. The Seventh trumpet being of course, the Return of Jesus Christ (Isaiah 34:8, 61:2, 63:4)! The principle of a day for a year in prophecy also applies to the Day of the Lord (Numbers 14:34; Ezekiel 4:6). It is the year of the “Lord’s vengeance” or God’s Wrath (Revelation 6:17)!!!

Please see our Chart: The Olivet Prophecy & The Seven Seals of Revelation, available at www.onug.us, or download these great Bible Studies to help you understand more of the Biblical details given to us by Jesus Christ, about the events that will usher in The Kingdom of God upon this earth!

BIBLE STUDY: The Olivet Prophecy - It Was An Ancient And Personal Warning From Jesus Christ. But Did Jesus Intend For This Message To Be Even More Relevant For Those Of Us Who Are Living Today?

BIBLE STUDY: Learning How To Recognize The King Of The North, The Beast Of Revelation, And The Abomination Of Desolation (Part One)

In the earlier chapters on this subject (2, 13 and 24), Isaiah describes the effects of God’s wrath on this world. Men will hide in caves in terror (Isaiah 2:19-21), the earth will be shaken and possibly moved from its orbit (Isaiah 13:13), and the earth will become almost empty and a total waste (Isaiah 24:1, 3, 6). Isaiah also speaks of the Day of the Lord as a time of war (Isaiah 31:8-9). These events are also described in the seven trumpets of Revelation 8-9.

God further reveals through Isaiah that the “daughter of Babylon” will be destroyed in the Day of the Lord (Isaiah 47:1, 5, 7, 9). These verses are almost identical to those of Revelation 18:7-8, 17-19, 21. This Babylon is the final end-time government and its religious system that will be destroyed at Christ’s return.               

The time of God’s wrath will come to an end when “the great trumpet will be blown” (Isaiah 27:13) and Jesus Christ will return to the earth (Revelation 11:15)!!! www.onug.us

While the Day of the Lord often focuses on the wrath of God (the punishment that will come upon the disobedient for one year before Christ returns), this term is also used in a broader way by John in Revelation 1:10 to describe all the events - including the wrath of God, the Millennium, and the events thereafter - that will occur after Christ’s return. Virtually every Old Testament prophet who warned of God’s judgment, on the Day of the Lord; also spoke of restored peace and prosperity that will follow!!!                  

The four major themes of Prophecy found in the book of Isaiah:

  1.  The Kingdom of God

The last major theme addressed in Isaiah, is the Kingdom of God that Jesus Christ will usher in with His return. The term “kingdom” is not used in Isaiah, but this future world government is described in detail, from the beginning to the end of the book of Isaiah.

The following are some of the prophecies about this coming Kingdom:

  • The Lord will set up His kingdom over all nations, teaching man His ways and Judge between the nations (Isaiah 2:2-4).
  • The “Branch” will establish Jerusalem and those who dwell there as holy (Isaiah 4:2-6).
  • “The government will be upon His shoulder.” He will be called “Prince of Peace” and “of the increase of His government there will be no end” (Isaiah 9:6-7).
  • All animals will live at peace with man and one another, and “the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD” (Isaiah 11:6-9).
  • The Lord will resettle Israel in their land (Isaiah 14:1-2).
  • The deaf shall hear, the blind shall see, and Jacob’s descendants will “Hallow” the Lord’s Name (Isaiah 29:18, 22-24).
  • A king and princes will rule in quiet and peaceful habitations (Isaiah 32:1, 15-18).
  • “The desert shall … blossom as the rose,” the infirmed will be restored, and “waters shall burst forth in the wilderness” (Isaiah 35:1-10). www.onug.us

There are numerous prophecies about the Kingdom of God throughout chapters 44 to 66. It is a very important theme in this book. Everything written is leading up to the peaceful eternal government of God and, finally, to “new heavens and a new earth” (Isaiah 65:17)!!!

Other subjects in the book of Isaiah:

Aside from the four major themes, there are a few other important subjects covered in the book of Isaiah. These include:

  • Prophecies of judgment coming against numerous nations (Isaiah 13-24).
  • Lucifer’s attempt to overthrow God (Isaiah 14:12-14).
  • Sennacherib’s invasion of Judah, his defeat and death, and the extension of Hezekiah’s life (Isaiah 36-39).
  • Isaiah has much to say about those who serve and obey God (Isaiah Chapters 25-26, 54, 61-62).

Isaiah’s Relevance For Today:

The prophecies of Isaiah are relevant in all generations, but they primarily point to the end of the age when Jesus Christ will return and set up the Kingdom of God on earth! The warnings of the coming Day of the Lord, and warnings to both Israel and Judah are just as relevant for us today, as they were to those whom God was calling in Isaiah’s time! If we will heed these warnings from God, then we can be assured of the promises of Mercy and Salvation through Jesus Christ; Promises that are explained in the book of Isaiah!!!

Humanity need look no further to discover the cause of today's wretched conditions than this revelation (Romans 3:14-18)!!!

This world has never been taught how to live the way of peace with their neighbors. Training children for revolution and war is not what God had in mind when He created humans to go through the experience of childhood. Happily, the society God is soon going to bring to this planet is one full of instruction in both PEACE and JOY!!! (Isaiah 54:13-14)!!!! www.onug.us

Only when God's government is restored and enforced on this earth, by Jesus Christ and His Saints; will humanity at last be able to "beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into pruning hooks." And "nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they learn war anymore" (Isaiah 2:4-5)!!!

Only then, when revolutions, counterrevolutions, and wars are banished forever; will the hopes and the dreams humanity has for its children begin to come true!    

In 1959, this bronze statue promoting the slogan "Let Us Beat Swords into Plowshares" was donated by the Soviet Union to the United Nations. It was sculpted by Evgeniy Vuchetich to represent the human wish to end all wars by converting the weapons of death and destruction into peaceful and productive tools that are more beneficial to mankind.                             www.onug.us

Isaiah’s message was both a warning and an encouragement for YOU and I, to change, to learn to Copy Christ now; so that we could join Jesus in bringing the Father’s Kingdom to this earth at His Return. It’s a message I hope you will take to heart!

The First Century Church of God is still alive and well; and we are still about our Father’s Business! We would like to Thank You for joining One Nation Under God Ministries (www.onug.us) today in the Study of God’s Word! We so enjoyed having you study and fellowship with us; and we hope to see you again next Sabbath!!! Please stay in touch! In Jesus Christ’s Mighty Name, Peace!

                                      - submitted by R. C. Brown III

One Nation Under God Ministries                                                                          www.onug.us          

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The sad state of affairs today is that the vast majority of Americans are Bible illiterates (Hosea 4:6). They simply have never read the book which they profess to regard as the “Word of God”. If we are to change this, we must begin using the Bible as our primary source of education, to learn about God and His teachings (Matthew 6:33).

If you have never faithfully kept God’s seventh day Sabbath holy or God’s Holy Days, the way Jesus Christ did – in the flesh, and in the fellowship of other followers of the Son of Man (Hebrews 10:25); we invite you to obediently enter into God’s rest today, and to keep the Feasts of the LORD (Hebrews 4:1-11 / Leviticus 23:1-44)! Contact us to find out where we fellowship and worship God, in your area, on His Sabbath Days (Exodus 31:12-18). We would love to hear from you and help get you started!

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P.O. Box 111960

Naples, Florida 34108 U.S.A.

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”But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you. My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me: And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand. My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand. I and my Father are one” (John 10:26-30).

Christians must learn to read the Bible, interpret the scriptures according to Biblical principles (Isaiah 28:9-10, 13), and begin to apply the precepts they learn in their walk with God. Individual study is essential; coupled with fellowship times of group study, worship, and discussions of personal insights and observations.

We strive, each Saturday, to foster an open and welcoming atmosphere where Spirit led confirmation, clarification, questions, and correction can be made in the fellowship of other students of God’s Word.

One Nation Under God Ministries (www.onug.us) is working to unify the body of Christ in the worship of God the Father, in the way Jesus showed us to - in Spirit and in Truth! We strive to promote rediscovery of American History, and renew in current generations the Vision and the Covenant of our Founding Fathers.

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Notes:

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BIBLE STUDY Who Was The Prophet Isaiah 17 June 2017.pdf1.87 MB
ONUG HOLY DAYS 2026.pdf218.49 KB